Full-Spectrum Hemp Oil Cannabinoids: What They Are, How They Work, and Why We Need Them

Cannabinoids are getting a lot of attention as we learn more and more about the properties of cannabis. Full-spectrum hemp oil provides many benefits because they contain the entire spectrum of over one hundred known cannabinoids. 

The most popular and well-known cannabinoids are THC and CBD. Research is still being done to understand how the other cannabinoids affect our bodies and health, but what we do know is that there are many potential positive effects from the research that has been done.

As we dive into learning about the benefits of the combined effects of a full-spectrum hemp oil, cannabinoids have the starring role.

What are full-spectrum hemp oil cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that act on cannabinoid receptors and include those produced in the body as well as by plants (primarily cannabis plants).  Over a hundred different cannabinoids have been identified in cannabis, but the most prevalent and well known include: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC), and cannabinol (CBN).

Cannabinoids are found in other plants, but none have as many or as wide a variety as cannabis. To compliment this, the human body has a native Endocannabinoid System (ECS) which can both produce cannabinoids and receive them. The ECS is responsible for maintaining balance and homeostasis. The ECS is a network of cellular receptors in the body, which is made up of CB1 and CB2 receptors.

For decades, cannabis was classified as a Schedule I drug and research was very limited. The government held a patent on cannabinoids and conducted research on medical marijuana to determine its use in the medical community. Cannabinoids were among this research and the Department of Health and Human Services issued this statement on cannabinoids:

“Cannabinoids have been found to have antioxidant properties…This new found property makes cannabinoids useful in the treatment and prophylaxis of wide variety of oxidation associated diseases, such as ischemic, age-related, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The cannabinoids are found to have particular application as neuroprotectants, for example in limiting neurological damage following ischemic insults, such as stroke and trauma, or in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and HIV dementia.”

The research conducted by the government in the early 2000s was promising, and now with federal legalization of hemp-derived CBD, more research is being done to help us understand just how cannabinoids affect the body, and how the body is primed to receive them. 

How do full-spectrum hemp oil cannabinoids work?

When full-spectrum hemp oil is consumed, something called the True Entourage Effect™ takes place that is extremely beneficial for the body’s own cannabinoid system, called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). True Entourage Effect™, coined by Israeli scientists Shimon Ben-Shabat and Dr. Raphael Mechoulam (the Father of Cannabis research), refers to the combined effect of the cannabinoids, terpenes and other beneficial compounds in the plant working together in synergy. The combined effect of all the phytonutrients is greater than the sum of the individual effects. Only a full spectrum hemp oil can deliver a complete entourage effect. 

When cannabinoids interact with the body’s ECS and receptors, different effects are felt. THC, for example, interacts with CB1 receptors which produce the psychoactive high that users report feeling after consumption. These receptors are located primarily in the brain and nervous system.

The other type of receptors, CB2 receptors, are located more prevalently in the body, primarily in the immune system, and interact with CBD. When there is CBD in the body interacting with CB2 receptors, THC doesn’t have the opportunity to attach to those receptors and the effects are diminished slightly. When CBD is consumed without THC, the effects are drastically different. While THC shows an affinity for CB1 receptors in the brain, lesser known cannabinoids such as CBN (cannabinol) are known to bind to CB2 receptors in the body.

The ECS is still being understood by science and medicine, and the interaction of other cannabinoids is as well. THC and CBD have been the most commonly studied, but as research grows we are learning that there are other highly beneficial cannabinoids that interact with the ECS. 

These receptors can engage with both phytocannabinoids — compounds that occur in the hemp plant — and endocannabinoids — compounds that occur naturally in the human body. Anandamide, for instance, is an endocannabinoid that the body produces. Also known as the “bliss molecule,” anandamide plays a vital role in functions such as pleasure, motivation, and appetite.

To gain the most benefits from hemp, a full-spectrum hemp oil is the best bet. Full-spectrum hemp oil has the full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes, polyphenols, and more, which all have different effects on the body. The full-spectrum hemp oil you can find available on the market is focused on CBD, however you’ll also gain the benefits of all the other cannabinoids that we are starting to learn more about. 

Of the more than one hundred known cannabinoids, the most prevalent are: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC), and cannabinol (CBN).

While research has been done on isolated cannabinoids, the Entourage Effect™ encourage the use of a full-spectrum hemp oil to gain all the benefits of the plant. 

  • THC (tetrahydrocannabinol):  Anti-inflammatory, analgesic (pain relief) and antiemetic (prevents vomiting) properties
  • CBD (Cannabidiol): Anti-anxiety, antipsychotic, and anti-seizure attributes
  • CBC (Cannabichromene): Anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, antidepressant and anti-fungal properties. Promotes the growth of new brain cells (neurogenesis)
  • CBG (Cannabigerol): Antibiotic, antifungal, and antidepressant properties. Promotes bone growth, treats skin diseases, pain reliever
  • CBN (Cannabinol): Increases appetite, sedative, pain reliever, antibiotic and anti-inflammatory

Other common cannabinoids include:

  • CBGV (Cannabigerivarin)
  • CBL (Cannabicyclol)
  • THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin)
  • CBDV (Cannabidivarin)
  • CBCV (Cannabichromevarin)

Image via haleighshope.co

Why do we need full-spectrum hemp oil cannabinoids?

Our bodies need to live in homeostasis in order to fight infection, maintain the health of the immune system, get restful sleep, manage stress and anxiety, maintain innate happiness and joy, and much more. The Entourage Effect™ experienced by the Endocannabinoid system can be an important part of good and lasting health. 

To help us maintain and produce balance and joy from within, the body produces its own cannabinoids in the ECS. The most prominent of these cannabinoids is anandamide, which is known as the “bliss molecule” and is a fatty acid neurotransmitter responsible for joy and happiness. Anandamide is also the chemical responsible for activating cannabinoid receptors. 

The body produces anandamide, but the phytocannabinoid counterpart is THC and shares many of the same pharmacological properties and mimics its actions. The natural anandamide level in the body is very low and is quickly broken down by an enzyme called fatty acid amide hydroxylase (FAAH). Fleeting feelings of happiness and joy stem from this reaction, but when anandamide interacts with external cannabinoids, like the ones found in cannabis and full-spectrum hemp oil, the results are very different and the effects of the bliss molecule are much longer lasting. 

We need cannabinoids to assist the body in maintaining a higher level of the bliss molecule as well as homeostasis. This helps the body function smoothly and at its highest level.


Current cannabinoid research has just scratching the surface, and we are truly just beginning to understand the incredible benefits of cannabis and full-spectrum hemp oil. The research is promising and with continued legalization and scientific studies, the future’s looking bright.

The full-spectrum hemp oil available from Functional Remedies is the highest quality available on the market. Try some today and Ask Your Body™ if it notices the difference.

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